Demographics: Affiliation - Portuguese


Settlers from the portions of Europe that were affiliated with Portugal, or that considered themselves to be 'Portuguese'.   

For the sake of this project we have used the term 'affiliation' as it is not always possible to determine citizenship, and/or genetic background of the diverse people who settled in New Netherland.   

For example settlers in New Amsterdam are listed as being Turkish, German, English, etc. 

In the case of enslaved peoples who clearly did not choose to become part of the Dutch, English, or other European settlements,  whenever possible we have also affiliated them with their county of origin.

We have also assumed that people might have more than one affiliation because of heritage, intermarriage, or perhaps circumstances, land deals, court cases, and the change in power of the colonies over time.